Canada ranks among the top countries on the earth for accessible, quality education for international students. So as to understand which program is best for you, first you have to understand Canada’s levels of study.
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Elementary & Secondary Education
All children in Canada are required by law to attend school. Schooling for children begins on the age of five or six and continues at least until the child is 16. The school system for Canadian children begins with elementary college and progresses to highschool (or secondary school).
This system consists of twelve grades. Once a person completes Grade 12, they obtain their highschool diploma which makes them eligible for post-secondary schooling (college and university).
There are each non-public and public faculties in Canada’s education system. Whereas non-public faculties could have specialised curriculums, applications, and sources, they typically cost annual tuition charges for college students.
Public faculties are absolutely funded by the Canadian authorities and educate government-mandated curriculums to their college students.
A Canadian pupil solely turns into eligible to attend college or university as soon as they obtain their highschool diploma. If a overseas national needs to attend school or college in Canada, they should be able to display that they possess a highschool diploma as well.
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Types of Post-Secondary Education
Any educational program occurring at a degree above the twelve grade elementary and secondary school system is considered post-secondary education. There are a few different types of post-secondary schooling every with different purposes.
A university is a post-secondary educational institution which is allowed to grant levels. Every university offers Bachelor’s Degree applications, and lots of also supply Master’s Degree programs and PhD programs.
A school is a post-secondary educational institution which cannot grant levels, although there are some exceptions to this. Instead, they normally supply programs leading to certificates and/or diplomas.
Usually, college programs are more directly career-oriented when compared to universities. A college graduate could full hands-on, practical training in an employable ability, like graphic design or culinary skills.
Colleges typically have courses to improve a person’s skills and employability, such as language training. As nicely, many schools have training programs or apprenticeships in skilled trade occupations like carpentry or welding.
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A skilled trade refers to a specialized occupation, usually emphasizing some type of manual labour, which requires hands-on training and formal schooling. A skilled trade not often requires a Bachelor’s Degree, so education within the trades normally happens by way of trade schools, which are sometimes smaller programs contained inside schools or vocational schools.
As nicely, as soon as an aspiring tradesperson has adequate coaching, they might undertake an apprenticeship. As an apprentice, the coed works intently with an skilled tradesperson to refine their skills in the trade.
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A vocational school could have educational programs at both the secondary or post-secondary degree, so it isn’t all the time essential to have a high school diploma in order to attend vocational school.
Vocational programs teach students the technical expertise required to carry out the duties of a specific job. These programs prepare students to enter directly into the workforce, both in skilled or low-skilled occupations.
Whereas there are separate phrases for various kinds of schools on the post-secondary degree these terms imply different things in areas around the world, so a university could refer to one type of school in Canada however something different in France.
As nicely, typically these schools overlap, there may be colleges associated with universities, or trade schools inside colleges.
What is an Associate Degree in Canada?
In some countries, an associate degree refers to an undergraduate degree awarded by a college or university upon completion of a course of study which is normally two years in size.
The one province in Canada to supply affiliate levels is the province of British Columbia, the place a pupil can full a two-year associate degree allowing students to then enter a Bachelor’s Degree program on the third year of study.
Outside of the province of British Columbia, affiliate levels are not available, although different provinces do supply one- and two-year certificates and diplomas that may typically be transferred into Bachelor’s applications.
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Understanding Undergraduate vs Graduate Education
Inside a university, there are different ranges of degrees. All Bachelor’s Degree programs are considered to be undergraduate applications. An undergraduate program is a extra general program of study, focused on a sure field but not essentially specializing in a sure matter.
In distinction, a Master’s or PhD degree program is considered graduate schooling. Graduate programs are normally a lot smaller, extremely specialized programs which emphasize research.
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Understanding Certificate vs Diploma
The difference between a diploma and a certificate is the length of this system. Each of those levels of education provide students with coaching for entry instantly into a selected occupation.
A certificate generally requires one year of full-time study at a college or vocational institute whereas a diploma generally requires two years of full-time research on the similar kind of institute.
Some schools also supply advanced diplomas, which require the completion of at least three years of full-time study.
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Levels of Education in Quebec
In every province of Canada except for Quebec, elementary and secondary school is made up of the twelve grade system. After a pupil completes Grade Twelve, they graduate from secondary college and obtain a high school diploma.
Solely after completing high school will they become eligible for post-secondary studies. Quebec’s education system operates in a slightly different manner.
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In Quebec, elementary and secondary college is only made up of eleven grades. Once a person completes Grade Eleven, they obtain their secondary college certificate. However, Quebec has another level of education between secondary school and undergraduate college programs.
This degree of education is called CEGEP (Collège d’enseignement général et professionnel). CEGEPs are educational institutions that enable students to select a program of specialization which results in a Diplôme d’études collégiales (DEC). In the CEGEP system there are two sorts of programs:
- Pre-University: These applications are two years in length with the aim of preparing a student to proceed onto a university program.
- Technical: These applications are three years in length with the aim of preparing a graduate to instantly enter the workforce.
Students in Quebec are solely eligible to start an undergraduate college program after completing a CEGEP program. However, it ought to be famous that for Quebec college students, a Bachelor’s Degree usually requires solely three years of full-time study, the place the rest of Canada requires 4 years of full-time study to obtain a Bachelor’s.